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Seminar of the “D2 Seminar Series” – Florence Center for Data Science

November 11, 2022 @ 14:30 - 16:00

Welcome back to the new edition of the D2 Seminar Series of the Florence Center for Data Science!

We are happy to host Gianmarco Bet from the Department of Mathematics and Computer Science “Ulisse Dini” and Agnese Panzera from the Department of Statistics, Computer Science, Applications “G. Parenti” of the University of Florence.

Gianmarco Bet will present a seminar on “Detecting anomalies in geometric networks” and Agnese Panzera will present a seminar on “Density estimation for circular data observed with errors

 

The Seminar will be held both on-site and online Friday 11th of November 2022, from 2.30-4 pm.
The seminar will be held in Aula 205 (ex 32) (DISIA – Viale Morgagni 59). 
The Seminar will be available also online. Please register here to participate online:
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Speaker: Gianmarco Bet – Department of Mathematics and Computer Science “Ulisse Dini”, University of Florence
Title: Detecting anomalies in geometric networks
Abstract: Recently there has been an increasing interest in the development of statistical techniques and algorithms that exploit the structure of large complex-network data to analyze networks more efficiently. For this talk, I will focus on detection problems. In this context, the goal is to detect the presence of some sort of anomaly in the network, and possibly even identify the nodes/edges responsible. Our work is inspired by the problem of detecting so-called botnets. Examples are fake user profiles in a social network or servers infected by a computer virus on the internet. Typically a botnet represents a potentially malicious anomaly in the network, and thus it is of great practical interest to detect its presence and, when detected, to identify the corresponding vertices. Accordingly, numerous empirical studies have analyzed botnet detection problems and techniques. However, theoretical models and algorithmic guarantees are missing so far. We introduce a simplified model for a botnet, and approach the detection problem from a statistical perspective. More precisely, under the null hypothesis we model the network as a sample from a geometric random graph, whereas under the alternative hypothesis there are a few botnet vertices that ignore the underlying geometry and simply connect to other vertices in an independent fashion. We present two statistical tests to detect the presence of these botnets, and we show that they are asymptotically powerful, i.e., they correctly distinguish the null and the alternative with probability tending to one as the number of vertices increases. We also propose a method to identify the botnet vertices. We will argue, using numerical simulations, that our tests perform well for finite networks, even when the underlying graph model is slightly perturbed. Our work is not limited in scope to botnet detection, and in fact is relevant whenever the nature of the anomaly to be detected is a change in the underlying connection criteria.
Based on joint work with Kay Bogerd (TU/e), Rui Pires da Silva Castro (TU/e) and Remco van der Hofstad (TU/e).
 
Speaker: Agnese Panzera – Department of Statistics, Computer Science, Applications “G. Parenti”, University of Florence
Title: Density estimation for circular data observed with errors
Abstract: Density estimation represents a core tool in statistics for both exploring data structures and as a starting task in more challenging problems. We consider nonparametric estimation of circular densities, which are periodic probability density functions having the unit circle as their support. Starting from the basic idea of kernel estimation of circular densities, we present some related methods for the case where data are observed with errors.

Details

Date:
November 11, 2022
Time:
14:30 - 16:00
Event Category:

Organizer

Florence Center For Data Science
Website:
https://datascience.unifi.it/

Venue

DiSIA, viale Morgagni 59
Viale Morgagni 59
Firenze, Italy
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